Almost 10.7 million hectares of agricultural lands (over 88%) and half of all pastures in Kyrgyzstan are classified as degraded or subject to desertification, the State Agency on Environment Protection and Forestry said.
Forests in Kyrgyzstan are subject to severe degradation due to over-exploitation by the local population.
“Wood is used as fuel, as well as for the construction of housing... Fragile mountainous terrain of the country along with the reduction of scarce forests leads to wind and water erosion on the slopes. This, in turn, poses a threat of landslides, mudslides and floods, as well as deterioration of water quality,” the statement said.
Today, 5.8% of the country is covered with forests, while the minimum coverage should amount to 10% in line with the international standards for the sustainability of the environment and conservation of carbon stocks.
Agricultural activities cause erosion as well.
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